Hubert Cecil Booth Wikipedia / Biography

Hubert Cecil Booth (4 July 1871 – 14 January 1955):-

Hubert Cecil Booth was an English engineer Famous for inventing one of the first powered vacuum cleaners.

He also famous for designed Ferris wheels, suspension bridges and factories. Later he became Chairman and Managing Director of the British Vacuum Cleaner and Engineering Co.

Hubert Cecil Booth Biography


Hubert Cecil Booth.jpg

  • Born:  4 July, 1871(Gloucester, England)
  • Died:  14 January 1955 (aged 83) Croydon, England
  • Nationality: English
  • Education: City and Guilds Institute, London
  • Spouse(s):  Charlotte Mary Pearce (m. 1903; d. 1948)


  • Father:  Abraham Cecil Booth

Engineering career:-

  • Stream:  Civil engineer
  • Institutions:  Institution of Civil Engineers
  • Significant advance:  Invented vacuum cleaner

What Is Vacuum Cleaner:-

A vacuum cleaner, also known as a sweeper or hoover, is a device that uses an air pump (a centrifugal fan in all but some of the very oldest models), to create a partial vacuum to suck up dust and dirt, usually from floors, and from other surfaces such as upholstery and draperies.

The dirt is collected by either a dust bag or a cyclone for later disposal .

Vacuum cleaners, which are used in homes as well as in industry, exist in a variety of sizes and models—small battery-powered hand-held devices, wheeled canister models for home use, domestic central vacuum cleaners, huge stationary industrial appliances that can handle several hundred liters of dust before being emptied, and self-propelled vacuum trucks for recovery of large spills or removal of contaminated soil. Specialized shop vacuums can be used to suck up both dust and liquids. (Ref: Wikipedia)

Early Life of  Hubert Cecil Booth:-

Life Story :

Hubert Cecil Booth was born in Gloucester, England on 4th July  1871  He was complete his earlier education from  Gloucester County School. Then he took admission for his higher education in City and Guilds Institute, London.

In 1989 he took admission in Central Technical college. He had little interest on Engineering from his childhood. So He completed Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering from  Institution of Civil Engineers .


In 1982 he joined the drawing office of Messrs Maudslay Sons & Field, Lambeth, London as a Civil Engineer. There he worked on some famous project.

He get connected with the project of designing the first Ferrari’s wheels and  worked on Some Bridge design projects. He also worked on the project of Royal Navy Battleship .

Life of Inventor Of Vacuum Cleaner:

Booth is known for introducing one of the first powered vacuum cleaners. Before Booth introduced his version of the vacuum cleaner, cleaning machines blew or brushed dirt away, instead of sucking it up.

As Booth recalled decades later, in 1901 he attended “a demonstration of an American machine by its inventor” at the Empire Music Hall in London.

The inventor is not named, but Booth’s description of the machine conforms fairly closely to American inventor John S. Thurman blown air design.

Booth watched a demonstration of the device, which blew dust off the chairs, and thought that “…if the system could be reversed, and a filter inserted between the suction apparatus and the outside air, whereby the dust would be retained in a receptacle, the real solution of the hygienic removal of dust would be obtained.

” He tested the idea by laying a handkerchief on the seat of a restaurant chair, putting his mouth to the handkerchief, and then trying to suck up as much dust as he could onto the handkerchief.

Upon seeing the dust and dirt collected on the underside of the handkerchief, he realized the idea could work.

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